Ura Kebele is one of the peri urban kebeles (neighborhoods) included under the Bahir Dar City Administration. Lack of water supply was one of the most challenging problems in this community. More than 90% of the residents of the kebele used water from an unprotected and contaminated lake nearby. Collecting water from this source used to take up to one and one half hours for most of the households. Children, both girls and boys, spend most of their out-of-school hours collecting water from the lake. In addition, girls and women faced sexual violence when collecting the water.
Proper sanitation and hygiene were also an issue in this community; only 7.6% of the community members at Ura Kebele used an installed toilet. The prevalence of open defecation was 92.4%. Even families who had pit latrines did not use them. Community members, mainly women, reported that they rarely washed clothes and bathed due to the water shortage.
Primary schools also suffered from lack of clean water and sanitation facilities. Most of the toilets which were built during the establishment of the schools long ago fell into disrepair and neither boys nor girls had sufficient access to toilets in the schools.