In Kenya, 54% of rural communities and 46% of urban communities do not have access to safe drinking water (UNDP). Recent statistics reveal that at least 473 children under five years of age die in Kenya every day due to preventable causes. 17% of these deaths are due to diarrhea caused by the ingestion of certain bacteria, viruses, or parasites spread through water, food, utensils, hands and flies. Cholera remains endemic in some parts of the Kenya despite government efforts to curb the disease.
A recent drought has led to water rationing throughout Kenya. This has resulted in a sharp increase in water vending businesses. There is concern about the quality of this water since the sources and cleanliness of the water are unknown to the consumer.