Katosi Women Development Trust (KWDT) works in fishing communities in five subcounties of Mukono district; Nama, Ntenjeru, Nakisunga, Mpata and Mpunge, north of Lake Victoria. Fishing communities are characterized by poor hygiene and hygiene and lack of access to clean safe water. They are among the world’s most marginalized communities, because of their location in rural areas where there is limited infrastructure development or access to health and education. The population’s poverty and illiteracy levels are high.
In these rural areas, households and communities largely depend on contaminated water from the Lake Victoria and other open water sources. The semi-permanent settlements and migratory nature of the people in fishing communities, coupled with the fact that construction of sanitation facilities is expensive due to the high water table and rocky grounds, have all resulted in open defecation and pollution of Lake Victoria. Promotion of water, sanitation and hygiene is especially relevant for rural areas, since only 74.6% of the rural population is reported to have access to sanitation and only 32.7% to hand-washing facilities (MWE 2014).