India has a high level of health risks because of its poor sanitation infrastructure. In urban India, it is estimated that around 50 million people defecate in the open every day. The increasing rate of urbanization, with 7 million people migrating to urban India every year, creates large unmanageable slums with no sanitation and hygiene infrastructure. The government struggles to provide basic hygiene and sanitation services effectively because they have poor data about the needs and habits of the residents and very little information on the existing infrastructure, such as plumbing and sewage lines. The government can make a huge impact in this space by creating strategic, long term and large-scale projects. However, to achieve this it is crucial to consider the unique features of different communities to customize ecologically responsible interventions accordingly.