People living in the slums of Kampala face a number of challenges with regards to proper sanitation and hygiene. First, these areas are often polluted with waste because latrine-emptying services are limited and latrines are instead emptied into open sewer canals. This pollution is a major source of water-borne diseases and especially impacts the health of vulnerable children and elderly people.
In addition, communities face ambiguities about who is responsible for maintaining sanitation facilities and how to create effective solutions. People are not aware of their rights in advocating for better facilities or services and are afraid to approach government officials to ask for help. There are currently no platforms for constructive dialogue between citizens and government officials.